People’s interest in learning about Jews is not new today. But how much information have people been able to know about these Jews? In addition, whether everything that is known is true of the Jews remains a question for everyone. Jews are probably the most oppressed people in the history of the world; They are also annoying. History shows that Jews have been persecuted in many ways for their own reasons at various times. One of the characteristics of jews is that they forget the help or favor they receive from people outside the Jews. And when the Jews receive the favor of another group, they believe that they deserve it. The Jews are very vengeful. The Jews are introduced in the Holy Quran as Bani Israel.
This article talks a little about Zionism, Zionist, and the Zionists’ state Israel. Perhaps what is told here about Zionism and the background history of Israel is not unknown to you.
What Is Zionism? (Definition of Zionism)
Zionism is an ideology and a nationalist movement. Zionism is an ideology that fosters Jewish supremacy and supports the establishment of a sovereign state. The main goal of Zionism or the Zionist nationalist movement is to establish a separate state for the Jews over a large area of the Levant. The word Zionism comes from the Hebrew word zion. The Hebrew word ‘Zion’ refers to the city of Jerusalem. But Zion is originally the name of a hill in Jerusalem. The hill is known as Mount Zion or Zion’s Hill.
In reality, Zionism is not a single doctrine, ideology or nationalism. Researchers have identified the presence of various forms of Zionism. General Zionism, Political Zionism, Religious Zionism, Socialist Zionism, Revisionist Zionism, Green Zionism, etc.
The Zionism practiced in the world is political Zionism. Zionism, as it is commonly understood, is the belief in the establishment and protection of a Jewish state centered on Mount Zion or the vast area around Canaan.
Zionism is a political ideology that developed from Judaism. Believers in Zionism want to establish for themselves a state where they will be the majority. They don’t want to be a minority anywhere.
The particular kind of political ideology that has been established by combining the religion of the Jews, the Judaism-supremacy-doctrine, the attempt to establish a state as a majority rather than not being a minority, the promise to live Jerusalem, the land of the Zion’s hills on the basis of historical and religious inheritance, etc., is called Zionism.
Who Are the Zionists?
Not all Jews are considered Zionists. Those Jews who have worked directly and indirectly to establish the Jewish state, embodying Jewish supremacism and Zionism, and continue to strive to preserve the established Jewish state and expand the size of the state are called Zionists. Zionists are mostly extremists. There are atheist Zionists also.
World Zionist Organization (WZO)
The father of modern Zionism is Theodor Herzl. Theodor Herzl was born on May 2, 1860 in the city of Pest, in the then Hungarian state of the Austrian Empire. He was a journalist, writer and political activist. Herzl founded an organization called World Zionist Organization (WZO) in 1897. Through this Zionist organization, he and his associates propagated their own ideology and campaigned for the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. Max Simon Nordau was one of the main colleagues of Theodor Herzl. Nordau was also involved in founding the World Zionist Organization.
Although Theodor Herzl died before the establishment of the Jewish state of Israel in Palestine, he is considered the founder of Israel. Theodore Herzl, the father of Israel.
Historical Background of the Jewish Nation, Zionism, and State of Israel
Jews believe that the land of Canaan (Levant) was given to them by God, according to the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh. This Levant or Canaan region is considered by the Jews as the Promised Land. The region is also important to Christians and Muslims.
The exodus of the Jews from Canaan began in 586 BC. At that time, the entire Canaan or the Levant was in the hands of the Babylonians; Nebuchadnezzar was the Babylonian king at that time.
The First Temple of the Jews on the Temple Mount was destroyed by order of King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC. Then the situation of the Jews became very critical. The Jews were no better off during the Babylonian regime. It is said that they had to die without eating and working hard.
Later, during the Roman Empire in the first century A.D., relations with the Romans also did not go well. After the Second War of the Jews with the Romans in the second century, Jews were eventually forbidden from their province of Judea, especially in Jerusalem. Although Jewish exiles had previously begun when the rule of the Levant or Kenan was in the hands of the Babylonians (Persia), jews were not banned in the region. When the Jews were defeated in the Roman-Jewish Second War, all the Jews had to leave Jerusalem. In that war, the Second Temple was also destroyed; this was in the year of 115 to 117 AD.
The Jews began to live in Europe. Some of them lived there in isolation while some lived in groups. Whether they ate or not, or were slaves to others, or in any other way they passed by, judaism was never erased from them. They wanted to express their superiority whenever they had the opportunity. They have been found to be ungrateful at various times. Historians believe that the Jews were never good in character, which led to the wrath of the rulers at various times. Even though the Number of Jews was small, they would enter different places strategically or if they had the opportunity to enter, they would go out there or do it themselves. The history of these Jews is more than 2,500 years. In this article, which focuses on Zionism, it is not possible to capture all the history of the Jews for two and a half thousand years.
The World Zionist Organization was established in 1897 as time passed through various events, events, conferences, consultations, decisions, re-decisions, etc. The Jews wanted a country of their own. At different times, there were proposals for the creation of a country for Jews in different regions by different groups and individuals. While some responded to those proposals, no one’s proposals were successful. Later, a journalist and cultural activist named Theodor Herzle thought about it. Herzl outlined a Jewish state and continued to campaign. Everyone takes it very seriously. In particular, the Rabbis and the Sephardis of the time viewed Herzole’s proposal with great admiration.
Jewish scholars are called Rabbis. And the Jewish people living in Portugal and Spain were called Sephardi.
Theodore Herzl wanted to establish a Jewish state in Argentina or Palestine. The reason for choosing Argentina was its wide and sparsely populated area and temperate climate. But he was more interested in the creation of a state in Palestine, because they have both historical and religious relations with Palestine. Since the Hebrew Bible says that the Creator of the Region of Kenan (Levant) has given to them and considers the region to be their promised land, the Jews chose Palestine over Argentina. They wanted to re-enter the Zion’s Hill or the lands of Jerusalem, where they wanted to establish their own sovereign state. This is how Zionism was founded. Theodore Herzle is said to be a proponent of Zionism and the Jewish state.
Theodore Herzl is said to be the father of the State of Israel, which has been established around Jerusalem in the land of Palestine.
Difference between Zionism and Judaism
Zionism is a particular group of followers of Judaism who are desperate to prove their superiority politically and exert influence over others; There are Zionists among atheists as well. Judaism, on the other hand, is the religious and peaceful doctrine of Judaism. Zionism and Judaism are completely different. Most of those who hold Zionism are Jews but not all Jews support Zionism. Moreover, there are Zionists who do not fully believe in Judaism. The number of atheist zionists is no less. For atheist Zionists, religious beliefs are nothing but they want to exert political influence.
No matter what is said about Zionism and Judaism, if you keep the news of the world, you will realize that these two are never the same. Zionism is also known as terrorism. Jews, who are not Zionists, make it clear that Zionism is a state-organised terrorist group. One of the most racist in the world is the Zionists.
|Zionism and Judaism are not same. Judaism rejects Zionism.|
To know more about Zionism you can take help of books. Some of the notable books are: A History of Zionism: From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel (by Walter Laker), Secrets of Zionism (by Henry Ford), Zionism: A Concise History (by Alex Rivchin), Zionism and the Land of Israel (by Yotab Eliach).